Honors American Government

Mr. Crawford

Final Exam Review

May, 2010

Structure:

 

70 Multiple Choice questions (1 point each), 37% of exam grade

10 Identifications of Supreme Court cases (2 points each), 11% of exam grade

6 document analysis questions of 2 documents (20 points total), 11% of exam grade

5/8 Short Answer questions (5 points each), 14% of exam grade

1/3 Five-Paragraph Essay (50 points – see rubric below), 27% of exam grade

Textbook:  Chapters 2, 5, 13, 14, 16

 

Content:

 

 

·         Article I

o   Expressed v. Implied Powers

o   Powers of Each House in Congress

o   Congressional terms

o   Constitutional requirements for running for the House and Senate

o   Committee System

 

·         Article II

o   Role of Vice President

 

·         Article III 

 

·         Amending  the Constitution

o   Why?

o   How?

 

·         Bill of Rights

o   Definition of civil liberties and civil rights

o   Explicit v. implicit rights

o   Positive v. Negative Rights

o   Selective incorporation

§  Burlington Railway v. Chicago

o   First Amendment Liberties

§  Religion

·         Establishment clause

·         Free exercise

·         Wall of Separation

·         Lemon v. Kurtzman

§  Speech

·         Libel and slander

o   NY Times v. Sullivan

·         Clear and present danger doctrine

o   Gitlow v New York

o   Intent,Imminence, likelihood, harm

·         Obscenity

o   Miller v. California

o   Offensive, Community standards, no value, least restrictive

·         Symbolic Speech

§  Press

·         Prior restraint

·         Tinker v. Des Moines (Armbands)

·         Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier (Newspaper)

§  Association and Assembly

·         Virginia v. Loving

§  Privacy

·         Griswald v. Connecticut

·         Implied Right

 

·         Amendments 4-8 -  Rights of Accused

o   Search and seizure

o   Probable cause

o   Exclusionary rule

o   Double jeopardy

o   Cruel and unusual punishment

o   Gideon v. Wainwright

o   Miranda v. Arizona

o   Good Faith Exception

·         US v Leon

 

·         14th Amendment

o   Equal protection

o   Due Process

·         15th Amendment

o   Federal guarantee of equal protection

·         Affirmative Action

o   Separate but Equal

·         Plessy v. Ferguson

o   Afirmative Action and Desegregation

·         Brown v. Board of Education

o   Color Blind

·         Regents v. Bakke

 

·         Describe background, issues, and precedents established by the following Supreme Court cases:

o   Marbury v. Madison

o   McCulloch v. Maryland

o   Burlington Railway v. Chicago

o   Lemon v. Kurtzman

o   NY Times v. Sullivan

o   Gitlow v. New York

o   Miller v. California

o   Tinker v. Des Moines

o   Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier

o   Loving v. Virginia

o   Griswald v. Connecticutt

o   Miranda v. Arizona

o   Gideon v. Wainwright

o   US v Leon

o   Plessy v. Ferguson

o   Brown v. Board of Education

o   Regents v. Bakke

 

Short Answer

Five of the following short answers will appear on your semester end exam.  You will answer five from the following:

 

1.     Thomas Jefferson wrote: “The Constitution belongs to the living and not to the dead.”  Explain what Jefferson means in this quote and provide two examples to better illustrate what he is saying. 

 

2.     Identify three rights granted to accused persons in the Bill of Rights and explain why such rights are considered necessary in our society. 

 

3.     Briefly explain the types of speech that are NOT protected under the First Amendment?

 

4.      What is the necessary and proper clause?  Why is it sometimes referred to as the elastic clause?

 

5.     Briefly describe and state the historical importance of the McCulloch v. Maryland decision.

 

6.     Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the national government under the Articles of Confederation. 

 

7.     Define government.  What are the major functions performed by all governments?

 

8.     Identify four checks that Congress has in relation to the Executive.

 

Essays

Three of the following essays will appear on your semester end exam.  You will answer one from those three.

 

  1. Describe the founders’ attitudes toward democracy.  What specific features of the Constitution reflect this sentiment?

 

  1. Describe the specific provisions of the Bill of Rights in regard to those brought before the criminal justice system.  Why do you think the Bill of Rights is so explicit in these matters, and do you approve these safeguards?  Explain.

  

  1. Identify and discuss four factors that have served to increase the national government’s power in relation to the states.

 

  1. What is the establishment clause and the free exercise clause?  What controversies have arisen in the United States over the issue of freedom of religion, and how have they been resolved?