AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
Unit 4: The President

10/24 - 11/2

UNIT 4 CONTENT MAP

VOCABULARY

DIVIDED GOVERNMENT
UNIFIED GOVERNMENT
GRIDLOCK
ARTICLE II
ELECTORAL COLLEGE
SOLE/SHARED POWERS
COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF
TREATY POWER
APPOINTMENTS
CABINET DEPARTMENTS
PYRAMID STRUCTURE
CIRCULAR STRUCTURE
AD HOC STRUCTURE

WHITE HOUSE STAFF
EXECUTIVE ORDER
BULLY PULPIT
EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE
SIGNING STATEMENTS
VETO POWER
POCKET VETO/IMPOUNDMENT
LINE ITEM VETO
SUCCESSION
IMPEACHMENT
11TH AMENDMENT
12th AMENDMENT
22nd AMENDMENT
25th AMENDMENT
PARDON
 BUREAUCRACY
CIVIL SERVICE
SPOILS SYSTEM
MERIT SYSTEM
ENTITLEMENT
DISCRETIONARY SPENDING
MASS MEDIA

Court Cases:
TRAIN v NEW YORK CITY
CLINTON v NEW YORK CITY
US v NIXON

CLINTON v JONES

WEEK 11
10/24 - 10/28

LESSON

IN CLASS

HOMEWORK

MONDAY
Lesson 1

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How do you get elected President?

  • Primaries and Caucuses
  • Presidential Campaigns
  • Presidential Elections

Carousel Exercise: Groups of students will create a list of the steps to run a successful campaign for President of the United States; the list will be no more than 10 steps.  Groups will then move around the room analyzing the other posted lists—using a check mark for a task which they also had on their list, an exclamation mark for an important task, a question mark for an unclear task, and an x for an irrelevant or missing task. The entire class will discuss and create a formal 10 step list based on their analysis.

Quick Notes: Unit 4 Part 1 The Electoral College

Socrative: Unit 4 Open GRQ Quiz (FC) Room #239536

Read:  Wilson 14th, Chapter 14 pp. 345-350 The Electoral College

Watch: How the Electoral College Works

 

TUESDAY
Lesson 2

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is the Electoral College and how does it function?

  • The Electoral College

Activity: Electoral College Game

 Work in pairs to complete three complete electoral college challenges.  Use your resources wisely to win states popular votes and collect enough electoral votes to claim the presidency. Consider the following questions:

         According to your electoral map, what are the FOUR states with the largest number of electoral votes

         What strategy do you intend to use in order to get 270 electoral votes? Will you focus your resources on winning the biggest but most difficult states or will you build up your ‘war chest’ by capturing the electoral votes and resources of smaller states before contesting the largest states?

         Identify one state where your party already has an advantage. Why do you think your party has an advantage in that state? Has your party won that state in past elections?

         Who won the election?

         Why do you think this candidate won the election? Did their strategy pay off?

         Compare your electoral map to the real results from past campaigns online. What election seems to be the closest parallel to your results?

Assignment: Complete The Electoral College Game Simulation Worksheet

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in BEFORE the end of class today--any assignment turned in late will be penalized 1 point.

Read:  Wilson 14th,  Chapter 14 pp. 338-344 Presidential Powers

WEDNESDAY
Lesson 3

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What are the Constitutional powers of the President?

  • Prime Ministers and Presidents
  • Evolution of the Presidency
  • Formal Presidential Powers
  • Implied Presidential Powers
    • Executive Privilege
      • US v Nixon
    • Impounding
    • Executive Orders
    • Sovereign Immunity
      • Clinton v Jones
  • Informal Presidential Powers
    • Persuasion
  • Presidential Succession

 

Quick Notes: Unit 4 Part 2 Executive Powers

Read:  West Wing: The State Dinner

THURSDAY
Lesson 4

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What are the Constitutional Responsibilities of the President?

http://www.crawfordsworld.com/rob/AP_American_Government/WWing.jpg

 

Watch: West Wing The State Dinner

Be prepared to answer a short quiz based on the questions listed during the video, and discuss the answers.

Video Questions:

         What are the FOUR major events taking place during the day at the Bartlett White House?

         What are the 5 Constitutional responsibilities the President has in the US government?

         What Constitutional role is the President playing at each of the events taking place?

         At one point, the President’s staff is introduced to Carl Everett.  Mr. Everett is described as a ‘serious campaign fundraiser for the party’.  What other informal political role does this imply for the President?

         What THREE specific Constitutional powers does the President threaten to use if the Truckers’ Union and Management don’t settle the strike by midnight?

         Does the Bartlett Administration uses a Circular, Pyramidal, or Ad Hoc management structure? What is your evidence (be specific)?


Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in BEFORE the end of class today--any assignment turned in late will be penalized 1 point.

Read:  Wilson 14th, Chapter 15 pp. 381-391, 397-404 The Bureaucracy

 

Makeup: Watch Democracy in American #7: The Modern Presidency and answer the assigned questions on the worksheet in complete sentences.

 

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

 

This MUST be turned in within 24 hours of your absence--any assignment turned in late will not receive full credit.

FRIDAY
Lesson 5

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is an impeachable offense?

  • Article I Sections 2-3
  • Article II Section 4

Impeachment Activity: You have been selected by the Speaker of the House as a member of the House Select Committee on Impeachment.  Your job is to investigate charges against the President, and report out a resolution to the Speaker.  If your committee feels there is not enough evidence to charge the President, your resolution will recommend not pursuing impeachment; however, if your committee feels it does have enough evidence, you will recommend specific charges of impeachment and the full House will then debate and vote on each charge.

To recommend impeachment, you must believe your committee has enough evidence to prove one or more of the following:  Treason, Bribery, or other High Crimes and Misdemeanors. These charges do not have to be proven "beyond a reasonable doubt”, the burden of proof must only be "clear and convincing” enough for 2/3rds of the Senate.

Assignment: Each committee must complete the House Select Committee Impeachment Recommendation

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in BEFORE the end of class today--any assignment turned in late will be penalized 1 point.

Quick Notes: Unit 4 Part 3 Succession

WEEK 12
10/31 - 11/4

LESSON

IN CLASS

HOMEWORK

MONDAY
Lesson 6

Review for Unit 4 Test Review Practice Unit 4 AP Essays

AP Essays

In groups, Read for the Rubric, Organize your Essays, and OUTLINE the possible ideas and conclusions which would receive credit under the COMPLETE-CORRECT-CONNECT guidelines.

You will be responsible for one of the following three essays:

1.       Nominees for the presidency of the two major parties are chosen by delegates at national conventions.

A.       Define each of the following methods used to choose delegates to party conventions:

                         i.      Open primary

                       ii.      Closed primary

B.       The Republican Party uses winner-take-all primaries. Define a winner-take-all primary and describe one consequence of winner-take-all primaries for the Republican nomination process.

C.       The Democratic Party uses superdelegates in the presidential nominating process. Define superdelegate and describe one consequence of superdelegates for the Democratic nomination process.

D.      Explain why a candidate’s strategy to win the general election is usually different from the strategy used to win the party’s nomination.

 

2.       The Constitution of the United States creates a government of separate institutions that share power. Frequently, this means that presidents and Congress struggle with each other.

A.       For each presidential power below, explain one way congressional decision making is affected by that power.

                         i.      Veto power

                       ii.      Implied powers as Chief Executive

                      iii.      Power as Commander in Chief

B.       For each of the congressional powers below, explain one way that presidential decision making is affected by that power.

                         i.      Legislative power of Impeachment

                       ii.      Senate advice and consent power

                      iii.      Budgetary power

C.       Explain how the case of US v Nixon shifted the balance of power between the President and Congress.

 

3.       Constitutionally, Presidents are limited in their influence over Congress in the area of domestic policy, but Presidents can have some impact on domestic policymaking in Congress.

A.       Identify two of the President’s informal or implied powers and explain how those powers enable the President to exert influence over domestic policy.

B.       Choose one of the following. Define the term and explain how it limits the President’s ability to influence domestic policymaking in Congress.

                         i.      divided government

                       ii.      lame-duck period

C.       Explain how Train v New York City limited the President’s ability to influence domestic policymaking in Congress.

 

4.       A significant feature of the electoral college is that most states have a ‘winner-take-all’ system.

A.       Describe the ‘winner-take-all’ system of the electoral college

B.       Explain one way in which the ‘winner-take-all’ feature of the electoral college affects how candidates from the two major parties run their campaigns.

C.       Explain one way in which the ‘winner-take-all’ feature of the electoral college hinders third party candidates.

D.      Explain two  methods the electoral college might be reformed to be more representative of the popular vote

E.       Explain two reasons why the electoral college has not been abolished.

 

ALL TESTS ARE CUMULATIVE!

Review: Unit 1, 2, 3, and 4: Use online chapter notes, GRQs, and Textbook site practice section quizzes.

         Unit 1 Review

         Unit 2 Review

         Unit 3 Review

         Unit 4 Review

         Chapter 1 Notes

         Chapter 2 Notes

         Chapter 3 Notes

         Chapter 4 and 7 Notes

         Chapter 5 Notes

         Chapter 6 Notes

         Chapter 10 Notes

         Chapter 14 Notes

         Chapter 15 Notes

         Unit 4 Review Questions

 

ALL UNIT 4 FORMATIVE REASSESSMENTS ARE DUE; NO MORE REASSESSMENTS FROM UNIT 4 WILL BE ACCEPTED AFTER TODAY.

TUESDAY
Lesson 7

Unit 4 Test

This test will consist of 45 multiple choice questions in 35 minutes (summative), and one 10 minute FRQ (formative) from the material and concepts in Units 1, 2, 3, and 4.

Time will be called at the completion of the multiple choice section and that section will be collected; you will be expected to move on to the essay when time is called.

The test will be counted out of 50 points.

Bring:  Pencil for Unit 4 test!

WEDNESDAY
Lesson 8

Debrief Unit 4 Test

Activity:  In groups, go over each question on the multiple choice section of the test. Using the review packet, discuss the different alternatives in order to determine the correct answer. The key will be reviewed at the end of class.

Assignment:

Rewrite grades may be LOWER than the original, and will count.  It is expected you will conference, review, reflect, and revise BEFORE you submit your essay to Turnitin, and will READ the comments and rubric score on Turnitin after it is graded.

Read:  West Wing: Shutdown

THURSDAY
Lesson 9

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What is the relationship between the President and Congress?

http://www.crawfordsworld.com/rob/AP_American_Government/WWing.jpg

Watch: West Wing Shutdown

Be prepared to answer a short quiz based on the questions listed during the video, and discuss the answers.

Video Questions:

  • Where did Presidential Advisor Angela Blake learn that the Republicans will give up their Capital Gains Tax Cut if the Democrats will give up tuition subsidies? 
  • Who does Haffley say is pushing him to demand the budget cuts be raised to 3%?
  • What power would the President use to deny Haffley’s budget bill?
  • Who does Press Secretary CJ Craig say will be kept working during the shutdown?
  • What does Speaker Haffley say all the furloughed workers in his district should do? Why does Haffley say ‘Christmas came early’?
  • What does Vice President Russell tell Chief of Staff McGeary about the budget process after he volunteers to negotiate with Congress? Who does he say to blame?
  • Speaker Haffley says: “we are doing what the voters wanted us to do when they elected us.” What theory of congressional behavior is this?
  • What does Donna discover will happen to Social Security?
  • Why does this frighten Toby, and how does it fit in with your understanding of interest groups and congressional behavior?
  • Why does Josh Lyman say the President should have more say than the Speaker over the budget? Do you agree or disagree?
  • What does Josh recommend the President do to capture the initiative in the budget battle?
  • What does the Speaker say the President’s real  job is supposed to be? What does he say Congress’ is supposed to do according the Constitution?  Is he correct?
  • What power does the President say was given to him by the Constitution, and how does this relate to the budget crisis?
  • How is the Budget crisis resolved, and how similar is this to the budget crisis we just experience this past month?

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in BEFORE the end of class today--any assignment turned in late will be penalized 1 point.

Watch:  Article III for Dummies

Read Article III of the US Constitution.

 Bring: Electronic Device for Chapter GRQs!

Makeup: Watch Democracy in American #8: The Bureaucracy  and answer the assigned questions on the worksheet in complete sentences.

Answers must be In Your Own Words.

This MUST be turned in within 24 hours of your absence--any assignment turned in late will receive 50%.

FRIDAY

Teacher Work Day